Different types of Academic essays
Academic essays are often discursive with a word limit of 2000 to 5000 words. The essays primarily start with a short summary analysis of what has been written before concerning the topic. This is called Literature review. Some longer essays contain introductory pages where phrases and words from the title are clearly defined. Most of the academic institutions’ requirements are that all quotations, substantial facts and other supporting materials that were used in the essay to be referenced at the end of the text in a bibliography. Such scholarly convention always allows other parties to fully comprehend the basis of quotations that were used to support the argument of the essay. Academic essays are used to test the student’s intellectual capabilities and the ability of the student to present his or her thoughts in an organized manner. There are different types of essays. They include the following:
This type of essay is commonly done in many high schools and colleges. Commonly, assigned through standardized tests such as ACT, SAT, TOEFL, and IELTS, an argumentative essay is a writing type whose aim is to defend a certain point in an argument. These essays use facts, rational ideas and logic to prove a point. The author of an argumentative essay should diligently create a logically defendable explanation to defend his or her point. This creation of a logical defendable explanation can be well enabled by the use of tools such as statistics, facts, and references. These types of essays are often suitable when addressing controversial issues which have some evident disagreement.
A descriptive essay is a writing type which describes an event, person, thing or a process. Descriptive essays are meant for the creation of clear reader’s experience which gives the reader a more in-depth understanding of the subject of the essay. A picture says a thousand words. That’s why with descriptive essays, readers receive an effective representation of things by the use of their five senses. Such senses are touch, taste, hearing, smell, and sight. It is essential to adhere to these senses when writing descriptive essays. Such essays can be descriptions of place, person, experience, memory, and object. Descriptive essays also enable a reader to have a vivid imagination of the described item.
An expository essay is a type of writing whose primary aim is to investigate and define a topic for a reader. A successful expository essay can be well accomplished by
• Comparing and contrasting
• Definition of terms
• Analysis of causes and effects.
The main objective of an expository essay is for the author to try to prove a certain thesis by the use of factual evidence. When doing research for expository essays, it is incredibly important for the author to keep the reader’s questions in mind. A good expository essay is fantastic literature which keeps the reader enlightened. The five distinct types of expository essays are:
• Process essay
• Descriptive essay
• Cause and effect essay
• Problem essay
• Comparison essay
A process essay is conventionally written for companies or people who are in high need of tutorials. These types of essay use the same format for all the variations-whether baking a chocolate cake or building a robot. Process essays are written using the step by step style in which the first step influences the next etc. Every step in process essay carries the importance of its own. That means, when the first or initial step is not explained properly, this step can ruin the whole process. Although it’s essential to stay concise and efficient, it is also vital to do some preparations before beginning to write process essay.
Cause and effect essay
Every action causes a certain reaction. That clearly brings us to the big question; what is a cause and effect essay? A cause and effect essay is a type of writing in which the author clearly describes the reasons and actions which lead to particular results and consequences. Keeping in mind that cause and effect essay have vast arrays of different structures, it is, however, to understand that this type of essay is majorly to show a logical correlation between two points. Thus point A and B. Point A will vividly describe an event or action while point B will clearly describe the outcome, result or consequence.
When writing a cause and effect essay, the author needs to explain how certain actions cause reactions and the reason behind that. Normally, the author is given a scenario where a certain action occurred; Using tools such as analysis, logic, and outcomes, the author will be able to craft a quality cause and effect essay. When writing a cause and effect essay where you have to include some visuals, it is advisable to use the following tools:
• Cause and effect Venn diagram
• Cause and effect anchor chart
• Cause and effect graphic organizer.
When the term “comparison analysis” is mentioned, it becomes scary to most students. That term only means to compare and contrast between two things. Hence, a comparison essay is a type of writing whose aim is to compare and contrast between two distinct things significantly. Comparing and contrasting is an action that is performed every day. A well-written comparison essay should clearly make a consequential argument about compared and contrasted things.
A persuasive essay is a type of academic writing whose primary goal is to persuade a reader to agree with a certain point of view. The art of persuasive writing is valuable to learn. Students who learn persuasive writing are able to dissect advertisements, political speeches, and other media. Persuasive essays majorly address contemporary issues where the author is required to take a stance in providing an educated opinion.
When writing a quality persuasive essay, it is advisable for the author to conduct excellent research and analysis for him or her to understand the entire subject appropriately. The author should understand the readers’ biases. Upon completion of a persuasive essay, the writer should convince the reader that there is no other appropriate or correct point of view.
A narrative essay is a type of writing whose main aim is to tell a story. The main objective of a narrative essay is for the author to create life experience for his or her reader. By telling this story from one’s point of view, the author is capable of placing the reader in the middle of the action. Make sure the reader is engaged. For the author to create a perfect environment for the reader, he or she should use evocative and vivid details. Also, the author should use vocabularies that are scenario-realistic which supports the atmosphere the author wants to create.
There are two distinct types of narrative essays:
• Autobiographical narrative essay
• Descriptive narrative essay
Autobiographical Narrative essay
This is a type of narrative writing which aims in describing a certainly memorable scenario that happened in one’s life. The author thinks of a particular scenario and explores it. The autobiographical narrative essays tend to focus more on the purpose of the story than on details.
Descriptive Narrative Essay
Unlike the autobiographical narrative essay which focuses more on the purpose of the story, the descriptive narrative essay focuses more on creative freedom. Here, the author describes an experience, memory or situation in full details. The main object of the descriptive narrative essay is to paint a picture of imagination to tell a beautiful story to the reader.
A good descriptive narrative essay is simple and straightforward. It is important to avoid over-exaggeration and clear stick to your purpose.
Other types of Essays
A reflective essay is a piece of writing where the author interacts with the audience and tells them some moment from his or her life. The reflective essay explores personal feelings, opinions and ideas about their life’s event and how it deeply affected them.
A creative essay is a type of writing which forces students to set structures by looking at past guidelines. The main goal here is the creation of a story that has an appealing plot and a compelling path. Here, the author is given freedom of creativity hence no topic restrictions. However, a professor can give the student a specific topic based on an individual category. However, the student or the author ought to create his or her own path.
An informative essay is a type of writing whose main aim is to educate the reader about a particular topic. The main goal of the informative essay is to educate the audience new and interesting information.
A thematic essay is a type of writing where the author tends to develop a central theme using literary devices such as imagery, foreshadowing, and personification.
A personal essay is a type of nonfiction narrative story where the author strives to share his or her personal incidents, experiences and insightful information through finding him or herself in a particular predicament.